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What Causes Dark Circles under the Eyes?  – Causes And Risk Factors

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What Causes Dark Circles Under The Eyes?

People often think that dark circles are caused by fatigue and lack of sleep. Although this could be one of the causes, there are other causes for dark circles, such as allergies or the natural aging process.

It under the eyes can seem purple or blue to dark brown or black, contingent on skin colour.

Causes and Risk Factors

The area under the eyes may appear darker due to the narrowing of blood vessels, leading to hyperpigmentation or thinning of the skin around the eyes.

All the Causes of Dark Circles Under the Eyes are:

All The Causes Of Dark Circles

  • Lack of sleep or poor sleeping habits
  • Allergies, including hay fever
  • Hyperpigmentation occurs when the body produces more melanin
  • Reduction of fatty tissue around the eyes
  • thinning of the skin under the eyes
  • iron deficiency
  • excessive sun exposure
  • frequent eye rubbing
  • ageing
  • To smoke
  • inherited genes
  • thyroid disorders
  • dehydration
  • dermatitis

There are Certain Risk Factors for Dark Circles Under the Eyes, Such As:

Advanced age: Loss of fatty tissue and thinning the skin around the eyes are part of ageing. These changes can make dark circles more defined in older people. In addition, a reliable source of tears is the hole under the eyes, which can cause  and is linked to aging.

Non-white ethnicity:  Is are more mutual in darker-skinned people and affect people of colour more than white people. This risk factor is thought to remain due to changes in pigmentation.

Genetics: Dark circles can be hereditary. Research Trusted Source has found that under the eyes also occur in other family members.

Home Remedies

People can reduce the appearance of dark circles with simple home remedies.

Although these remedies are not logically proven, they are worth trying as many are inexpensive and cause no side effects.

dream more

People can make sure they get enough sleep each night to reduce or prevent dark circles under their eyes. Elevating your head on extra pillows can help reduce  and puffiness around your eyes.


Applying cucumber slices to the eyes can soothe tired eyes and reduce puffiness. In addition, the high water and vitamin C content in cucumber can help nourish and hydrate the skin. Cucumber also contains silica, which remains essential for tissue health.

Cold Compress

Applying a cold bandage to the eyes can constrict blood vessels and lessen the appearance of dark circles.

Tea Bag

Teabags can help reduce dark circles and puffiness under the eyes. In addition, caffeine has antioxidant properties and stimulates blood circulation in the eye area.

A person can boil two tea bags in water before cooling them, then place them over each eye. If you put the boiled tea bags in the refrigerator first, you can refresh the eyes. People can use black, green, or herbal tea bags.


Poor blood circulation around the eyes can cause dark circles to appear. A gentle massage around the eyes during a facial can help improve circulation.

Medical Treatment

If home remedies do not get rid of dark circles under the eyes, a person can consult their doctor or dermatologist for advice on medical treatment.

Medical Treatment Options Include:

topical creams

Whitening Creams Can Help Reduce Hyperpigmentation. this May Include:

  • hydroquinone
  • tretinoin
  • a combination of both

People may want to use hydroquinone for at least 3 months to see effects.

Kojic Acid

Anecdotal reports indicate that kojic acid effectively treats dark circles under the eyes. Kojic acid remains a natural product that comes from two species of fungi. However, it is essential to know that side effects of kojic acid can include contact dermatitis and redness of the skin.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels that use alpha-hydroxy acids like glycolic acid can help lighten hyperpigmentation under the eyes.

People can also use chemical peels combined with topical creams for better effects.

Also Read: Everyday Foods That Can Boost Immunity And Help Fight Disease

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